It turns out that Mom has 4 muffineers in her antique booth, and she did not even know it! Well, she knew they were there, but she did not know they had a special name. Anyway, what they are is containers like big salt shakers, except they hold sugar or cinnamon or some such thing, and you sprinkle this stuff on your muffins at the table, before you eat them.
Muffineer ( possibly ) of 1779
by Charles Aldridge & Henry Greenhttp://www.ascasonline.org/articoloFEBBRA143.html
This was a practice that the Victorians apparently did a lot. Muffineers were often found on dining tables during the Victorian age. Later on, after WWI, they were just called "sugar shakers." Eventually, muffineers moved from the dining room to the kitchen, where they were used by the cook to sprinkle spices on the food as she was fixing it.
Mom's set of muffineers has two sugar shakers, a salt and pepper shaker, and two flour shakers. Flour?! We are not sure why anybody would want to sprinkle flour on anything at the table except maybe if your gravy was not thick enough.
Another meaning for muffineer was a covered dish used to keep muffins and biscuits hot.
Mid Century STEDE Pewter Porringer Bowls SET; eBay
A porringer is a shallow dish, 4" to 6" in diameter, and 1.5" to 3" deep. It has a flat, horizontal handle. Porringers were used a lot during Colonial times. The most famous ones were made by Paul Revere.
The earliest porringers were made during the medieval period in Europe. They were made of wood, ceramic, pewter, or silver. European porringers usually have two handles, but American ones just have one. The owner's initials might be engraved under the handle. Sometimes there was even a lid.
What you did with your porringer was eat stuff like porridge or soup out of it.
If something is ductile, that means you can change the shape of it without having it break. Like for instance, wire is ductile because it can be bent or hammered to make it thinner. Things that can be shaped with a mold, such as iron, are also ductile.
A person who can be easily persuaded or influenced can be described as ductile.
Another word for ductile is malleable.
Longquan celadons produced
in Longquan, Zhejiang, China. |
They were made in the 13th century during Song Dynasty of China
and are currently exhibited at Musée Guimet, Paris.
Celadon is the name of a color that is a grayish-yellow green. It is also a glaze from 13th century China, or an article made with the celadon glaze.
|Traditional Korean Wedding Couple|
The word celadon came from the story L'Astrée by French writer H. d'Urfé. In this story, there is a character named Céladon.